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Risk factors for neonatal early-onset group B streptococcus-related diseases after the implementation of a universal screening program in Taiwan. Hung LC, Kung PT, Chiu TH, Su HP, Ho M, Kao HF, Chiu LT, Huang KH, Tsai WC. BMC Public Health. 2018 Apr 2;18(1):438. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5358-0.

Maternal immunization against Group B streptococcus: World Health Organization research and development technological roadmap and preferred product characteristics. Vekemans J, Moorthy V, Friede M, Alderson MR, Sobanjo-Ter Meulen A, Baker CJ, Heath PT, Madhi SA, Mehring-Le Doare K, Saha SK, Schrag S, Kaslow DC. Vaccine. 2018 Feb 2. pii: S0264-410X(17)31359-2. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.09.087.

Group B Streptococcal Disease Worldwide for Pregnant Women, Stillbirths, and Children: Why, What, and How to Undertake Estimates? Lawn JE; Bianchi-Jassir F; Russell NJ; Kohli-Lynch M; Tann CJ. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS89–S99,

Maternal Colonization With Group B Streptococcus and Serotype Distribution Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Russell NJ, Seale AC, O’Driscoll M, O’Sullivan C, Bianchi-Jassir F, Gonzalez-Guarin J, Lawn JE, Baker CJ, Bartlett L, Cutland C. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS100–S111,

Stillbirth With Group B Streptococcus Disease Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Seale AC; Blencowe H; Bianchi-Jassir F; Embleton N; Bassat Q. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS125–S132,

Preterm Birth Associated With Group B Streptococcus Maternal Colonization Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Bianchi-Jassir F; Seale AC; Kohli-Lynch M; Lawn JE; Baker CJ. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS133–S142,

Intrapartum Antibiotic Chemoprophylaxis Policies for the Prevention of Group B Streptococcal Disease Worldwide: Systematic Review. Le Doare K; O’Driscoll M; Turner K; Seedat F; Russell NJ. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS143–S151,

Risk of Early-Onset Neonatal Group B Streptococcal Disease With Maternal Colonization Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Russell NJ; Seale AC; O’Sullivan C; Le Doare K; Heath PT. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS152–S159,

Infant Group B Streptococcal Disease Incidence and Serotypes Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Madrid L; Seale AC; Kohli-Lynch M; Edmond KM; Lawn JE. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS160–S172,

Neonatal Encephalopathy With Group B Streptococcal Disease Worldwide: Systematic Review, Investigator Group Datasets, and Meta-analysis. Tann CJ; Martinello KA; Sadoo S; Lawn JE; Seale AC. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS173–S189,

Maternal Disease With Group B Streptococcus and Serotype Distribution Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Hall J, Hack Adams N, Bartlett L, Seale AC, Lamagni T, Bianchi-Jassir F, Lawn JE, Baker CJ, Cutland C, Heath PT. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS112–S124,

Neurodevelopmental Impairment in Children After Group B Streptococcal Disease Worldwide: Systematic Review and Meta-analyses. Kohli-Lynch M; Russell NJ; Seale AC; Dangor Z; Tann CJ. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS190–S199,

Estimates of the Burden of Group B Streptococcal Disease Worldwide for Pregnant Women, Stillbirths, and Children. Seale AC, Bianchi-Jassir F, Russell NJ, Kohli-Lynch M, Tann CJ, Hall J, Madrid L, Blencowe H, Cousens S, Baker CJ. Clin Inf Dis, Vol 65, Iss supp2, 6 Nov 2017, ppS200–S219,

Antibiotic Prevention for Maternal Group B Streptococcal Colonization on Neonatal GBS-Related Adverse Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis. Li S, Huang J, Chen Z, Guo D, Yao Z, Xiaohue Y. Front Microbiol. 2017 Mar 17;8:374. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00374. eCollection 2017

Prevention of early onset group B streptococcal disease by universal antenatal culture-based screening in all public hospitals in Hong Kong. Ma TW, Chan V, So CH, Hui AS, Lee CN, Hui AP, So PL, Kong CW, Fung B, Leung KY. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Mar 21:1-7.

Group B streptococcal disease in infants in the first year of life: a nationwide surveillance study in Japan, 2011-2015. Matsubara K, Hoshina K, Kondo M, Miyairi I, Yukitake Y, Ito Y, Minami K, Genkawa R. Infection. 2017 Feb 25. doi: 10.1007/s15010-017-0995-2.

Group B Streptococci screening before repeat Cesarean delivery: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Albright, C., MacGregor, C., Sutton, D., Theva, M., Hughes, B. and Werner, E. (2016). Obstetrics and gynecology., 2017 Jan;129(1):111-119.

The prevention of early-onset neonatal group B Streptococcal disease. Money, D. and Allen, V. (2017), Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d’obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC., 38.

Obesity as an independent risk factor for group B streptococcal colonization. Alvareza MD, Subramaniam A, Tang Y, Edwards RK. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Dec 20:1-4.

Risk factors for group B streptococcal disease in neonates of mothers with negative antenatal testing. Parente V, Clark RH, Ku L, Fennell C, Johnson M, Morris E, Romaine A, Utin U, Benjamin DK, Messina JA, Smith PB, Greenberg RG. J Perinatol. 2017 Feb;37(2):157-161. doi: 10.1038/jp.2016.201. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Risk Factors for Late-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease Before and After Implementation of Universal Screening and Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Pintye J, Saltzman B, Wolf E, Crowell CS. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2016 Dec;5(4):431-438. Epub 2015 Oct 12.

Group B Streptococcus vaccine development: present status and future considerations, with emphasis on perspectives for low and middle income countries. Kobayashi M, Vekemans J, Baker CJ, Ratner AJ, Le Doare K, Schrag SJ. F1000Res. 2016 Sep 22;5:2355. eCollection 2016.

WHO consultation on group B vaccine development: Report from a meeting held on 27–28 April 2016. (2017) Kobayashi, M., Schrag, S.J., Alderson, M.R., Madhi, S.A., Baker, C.J., Meulen, A.S., Kaslow, D.C., Smith, P.G., Moorthy, V.S. and Vekemans, J. Vaccine, . doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.12.029.

Epidemiology of Invasive Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis, 2005 to 2014. Schrag SJ, Farley MM, Petit S, Reingold A, Weston EJ, Pondo T, Hudson Jain J, Lynfield R. Pediatrics. 2016 Dec;138(6). pii: e20162013.

Challenges in reducing group B Streptococcus disease in African settings Nishihara, Y., Dangor, Z., French, N. and Madhi, S. (2017) Archives of Disease in Childhood, 102(1), pp. 72–77. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2016-311419.

Early-onset neonatal sepsis and the implementation of group B streptococcus prophylaxis in a Brazilian maternity hospital: a descriptive study. Freitas FT, Romero GA. Braz J Infect Dis. 2017 Jan – Feb;21(1):92-97.

Replacing risk-based early-onset-disease prevention with intrapartum group B streptococcus PCR testing Björklund V, Nieminen T, Ulander VM, Ahola T, Saxén H. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Mar 31:1-22.

Relative Importance and Additive Effects of Maternal and Infant Risk Factors on Childhood Asthma. Wu P, Feldman AS, Rosas-Salazar C, James K, Escobar G, Gebretsadik T, Li SX, Carroll KN, Walsh E, Mitchel E, Das S, Kumar R, Yu C, Dupont WD, Hartert T1. PLoS One. 2016 Mar 22;11(3):e0151705.

The changing epidemiology of group B streptococcus bloodstream infection: a multi-national population-based assessment. Ballard MS, Schønheyder HC, Knudsen JD, Lyytikäinen O, Dryden M, Kennedy KJ, Valiquette L, Pinholt M, Jacobsson G, Laupland KB; International Bacteremia Surveillance Collaborative. Infect Dis (Lond). 2016 May;48(5):386-91. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Reductions in neonatal listeriosis: “Collateral benefit” of Group B streptococcal prophylaxis? Lee B, Newland JG, Jhaveri R. J Infect. 2016 Mar;72(3):317-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2015.12.015. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Maternal Immunization With an Investigational Trivalent Group B Streptococcal Vaccine: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Donders GG1, Halperin SA, Devlieger R, Baker S, Forte P, Wittke F, Slobod KS, Dull PM. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Feb;127(2):213-21.

Maternal Immunization to Prevent Neonatal Group B Streptococcal Disease: New Progress and Promise. Schrag SJ. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Feb;127(2):199-201.

Intrapartum antibiotic exposure for group B Streptococcus treatment did not increase penicillin allergy in children. May SM, Hartz MF, Joshi AY, Park MA. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2016 Feb;116(2):134-8.

En route towards prevention of neonatal group B streptococcal disease. Berner R. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 8. pii: S1473-3099(15)00501-0.

Efficiency of Screening for the Recurrence of Antenatal Group B Streptococcus Colonization in a Subsequent Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis with Independent Patient Data. Turrentine MA, Colicchia LC, Hirsch E, Cheng PJ, Tam T, Ramsey PS, Page-Ramsey SM. Am J Perinatol. 2015 Dec 18

Maternal colonization of group B streptococcus: prevalence, associated factors and antimicrobial resistance. Khan MA, Faiz A, Ashshi AM. Ann Saudi Med. 2015 Nov-Dec;35(6):423-7.

The prevention of early-onset neonatal group B streptococcus infection: New Zealand Consensus Guidelines 2014. Darlow B1, Campbell N, Austin N, Chin A, Grigg C, Skidmore C, Voss L, Walls T, Wise M, Werno A. N Z Med J. 2015 Nov 20;128(1425):69-76.

Evaluation of four chromogenic media for the isolation of Group B Streptococcus from vaginal specimens in pregnant women. Salem N, Anderson JJ. Pathology. 2015 Oct;47(6):580-2.

Risk Factors for Late-Onset Group B Streptococcal Disease Before and After Implementation of Universal Screening and Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis. Pintye J, Saltzman B, Wolf E, Crowell CS. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Oct 12.

A Retrospective Audit of Clinically Significant Maternal Bacteraemia in a Specialist Maternity Hospital from 2001 to 2014. Drew RJ, Fonseca-Kelly Z, Eogan M. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2015:518562.

Impact of maternal intrapartum antibiotics, method of birth and breastfeeding on gut microbiota during the first year of life: a prospective cohort study. Azad MB, Konya T, Persaud RR, Guttman DS, Chari RS, Field CJ, Sears MR, Mandhane PJ, Turvey SE, Subbarao P, Becker AB, Scott JA, Kozyrskyj AL; CHILD Study Investigators. BJOG. 2015 Sep 28.

A questionnaire study on the acceptability of self-sampling versus screening by clinicians for Group B Streptococcus. Ko JK, Yung SS, Seto MT, Lee CP. J Chin Med Assoc. 2015 Sep 15. pii: S1726-4901(15)00220-8.

Maternal Obesity and Rectovaginal Group B Streptococcus Colonization at Term. Kleweis SM, Cahill AG, Odibo AO, Tuuli MG. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2015:586767.

Maternal Colonization with Group B Streptococcus Is Associated with an Increased Rate of Infants Transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Brigtsen AK, Jacobsen AF, Dedi L, Melby KK, Fugelseth D, Whitelaw A. Neonatology. 2015;108(3):157-63.

Case Study of Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis and Subsequent Postpartum Beta-Lactam Anaphylaxis. Stark MA, Ross MF, Kershner W, Searing K. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2015 Sep-Oct;44(5):610-7.

Maternal group B Streptococcus-related stillbirth: a systematic review. Nan C1, Dangor Z, Cutland CL, Edwards MS, Madhi SA, Cunnington MC. BJOG. 2015 Oct;122(11):1437-45.

Maternal Obesity and Rectovaginal Group B Streptococcus Colonization at Term. Kleweis SM, Cahill AG, Odibo AO, Tuuli MG. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2015;2015:586767. doi: 10.1155/2015/586767. Epub 2015 Aug 2.

Early-onset neonatal group B streptococcus sepsis following national risk-based prevention guidelines. Darlow BA, Voss L, Lennon DR, Grimwood K. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2015 Jul 14.

Comparison of pre- and intrapartum screening of group B streptococci and adherence to screening guidelines: a cohort study. Kunze M, Zumstein K, Markfeld-Erol F, Elling R, Lander F, Prömpeler H, Berner R, Hufnagel M. Eur J Pediatr. 2015 Jun;174(6):827-35.

Group B Streptococcus vaccine: state of the art. Nuccitelli A, Rinaudo CD, Maione D. Ther Adv Vaccines. 2015 May;3(3):76-90.

Routine culture-based screening versus risk-based management for the prevention of early-onset group B streptococcus disease in the neonate: a systematic review. Kurz E, Davis D. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015 Apr 17;13(3):206-46.

Screening and management of maternal colonization with Streptococcus agalactiae: an Italian cohort study. De Luca C, Buono N1, Santillo V, Licameli A, Straface G, Scambia G, De Santis M. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Mar;29(6):911-5.

Vaginal group B streptococcus status during intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. Scasso S, Laufer J, Rodriguez G, Alonso JG, Sosa CG. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015 Apr;129(1):9-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.10.018. Epub 2014 Dec 18.

Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection. Ohlsson A1, Shah VS, Stade BC. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Dec 14;12:CD003520.

Incidence of invasive group B streptococcal disease and pathogen genotype distribution in newborn babies in the Netherlands over 25 years: a nationwide surveillance study. Bekker V, Bijlsma MW, van de Beek D, Kuijpers TW, van der Ende A. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Nov;14(11):1083-9. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70919-3. Epub 2014 Oct 19.

Recurrence of group B streptococcus colonization in successive pregnancies. Colicchia LC, Lauderdale DS, Du H, Adams M, Hirsch E. J Perinatol. 2014 Oct 16. doi: 10.1038/jp.2014.185.

Intrapartum GBS screening and antibiotic prophylaxis: a European consensus conference. Di Renzo GC, Melin P, Berardi A, Blennow M, Carbonell-Estrany X, Donzelli GP, Hakansson S, Hod M, Hughes R, Kurtzer M, Poyart C, Shinwell E, Stray-Pedersen B, Wielgos M, El Helali N. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2014 Aug 27:1-17.

Does Maternal Intrapartum Antibiotic Treatment Prolong the Incubation Time Required for Blood Cultures to Become Positive for Infants with Early-Onset Sepsis? Sarkar SS, Bhagat I, Bhatt-Mehta V, Sarkar S. Am J Perinatol. 2014 Sep 13.

Using vaginal Group B Streptococcus colonisation in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes to guide the decision for immediate delivery: a secondary analysis of the PPROMEXIL trials. Tajik P, van der Ham DP, Zafarmand MH, Hof MH, Morris J, Franssen MT, de Groot CJ, Duvekot JJ, Oudijk MA, Willekes C, Bloemenkamp KW, Porath M, Woiski M, Akerboom BM, Sikkema JM, Nij Bijvank B, Mulder AL, Bossuyt PM, Mol BW. BJOG. 2014 Sep;121(10):1263-72; discussion 1273. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12889. Epub 2014 May 27.

Impact of Perinatal Practices for Early-onset Group B Streptococcal Disease Prevention. Berardi A, Lugli L, Rossi C, Guidotti I, Lanari M, Creti R, Perrone E, Biasini A, Sandri F, Volta A, China M, Sabatini L,Baldassarri L, Vagnarelli F, Ferrari F; on behalf of the GBS Prevention Working Group, Emilia-Romagna. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2013 Jul;32(7):e265-e271.

Early-onset and late-onset group B streptococcal disease in Japan: a nationwide surveillance study, 2004-2010. Matsubara K, Hoshina K, Suzuki Y.
Int J Infect Dis. 2013 Jun;17(6):e379-84. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2012.11.027.

Screening pregnant women for group B streptococcus infection between 30 and 32weeks of pregnancy in a population at high risk for premature birth. Horváth B, Grasselly M, Bödecs T, Boncz I, Bódis J. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013 Jul;122(1):9-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.01.027. Epub 2013 Apr 8.

Effectiveness of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of early-onset group B streptococcal disease. Fairlie T, Zell ER, Schrag S. Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Mar;121(3):570-7. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e318280d4f6.

Antibiotic resistance patterns among group B Streptococcus isolates: implications for antibiotic prophylaxis for early-onset neonatal sepsis. Capanna, Federica. Emonet, Stephane P. Cherkaoui, Abdessalam. et al. Swiss Med Wkly. 2013;143:w13778

Physical Examination Instead of Laboratory Tests for Most Infants Born to Mothers Colonized with Group B Streptococcus: Support for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 2010 Recommendations. Cantoni L, Ronfani L, Da Riol R, Demarini S; Perinatal Study Group of the Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. J Pediatr. 2013 Mar 8. pii: S0022-3476(13)00109-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.034.
Duration of intrapartum antibiotics for group B streptococcus on the diagnosis of clinical neonatal sepsis.Turrentine MA, Greisinger AJ, Brown KS, Wehmanen OA, Mouzoon ME. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2013;2013:525878. doi: 10.1155/2013/525878. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Accuracy of an Accelerated, Culture-Based Assay for Detection of Group B Streptococcus Jonathan P. Faro, , Karen Bishop, Gerald Riddle, Mildred M. Ramirez, Allan R. Katz, Mark A. Turrentine, Sebastian Faro. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2013; 2013: 367935. Published online 2013 February 19. doi: 10.1155/2013/367935 

Prevalence of positive recto-vaginal culture for Group B streptococcus in pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of gestation. Forough Javanmanesh, Nooshin Eshraghi. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2013 February; 27(1): 7–11. 

Group B streptococcus late-onset disease: 2003-2010. Berardi A, Rossi C, Lugli L, Creti R, Bacchi Reggiani ML, Lanari M, Memo L, Pedna MF, Venturelli C, Perrone E, Ciccia M,Tridapalli E, Piepoli M, Contiero R, Ferrari F; GBS Prevention Working Group, Emilia-Romagna. Pediatrics. 2013 Feb;131(2):e361-8. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-1231. Epub 2013 Jan 6.

Early onset neonatal group B streptococcal sepsis.Oh W. Am J Perinatol. 2013 Feb;30(2):143-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1332804. Epub 2013 Jan 15

Usefulness of a rapid real-time PCR assay in prenatal screening for group B streptococcus colonization. Park JS, Cho DH, Yang JH, Kim MY, Shin SM, Kim EC, Park SS, Seong MW. Ann Lab Med. 2013 Jan;33(1):39-44. doi: 10.3343/alm.2013.33.1.39. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Incidence of maternal GBS colonization and neonatal GBS disease among very low birth weight Polish neonates. Brzychczy-Wloch M, Wojkowska-Mach J, Helwich E, Heczko PB. Med Sci Monit. 2013 Jan 11;19:34-9.

Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonization. Ohlsson A, Shah VS. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD007467. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007467.pub3.

Group B Streptococcus Late-Onset Disease: 2003-2010. Berardi A, Rossi C, Lugli L, Creti R, Bacchi Reggiani ML, Lanari M, Memo L, Pedna MF, Venturelli C, Perrone E, Ciccia M, Tridapalli E, Piepoli M, Contiero R, Ferrari F; on behalf of the GBS Prevention Working Group, Emilia-Romagna.Pediatrics. 2013 Jan 6.

Short communication: A comparative study assessing the efficacy and acceptability of anorectal swabs for antenatal GBS screening. Law KS, Parmar P, Gregora M, Abbott J. J Med Screen. 2013 Mar 25.

Intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcal disease: Experience in the United States and implications for a potential group B streptococcal vaccine. Schrag SJ, Verani JR. Vaccine. 2012 Dec 3. pii: S0264-410X(12)01697-0

Preventing the broad spectrum of perinatal morbidity and mortality through group B streptococcal vaccination. Edwards MS, Gonik B. Vaccine. 2012 Nov 28. pii: S0264-410X(12)01660-X. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.11.046.

[A study on early-onset group “B” streptococcal neonatal infection]. Vacheva R, Todorova M, Decheva A, Yarakova N, Kraleva I, Takova Ts, Dimitrova N, Dobreva A. Akush Ginekol (Sofiia). 2012;51(6):10-21.

Prevalence of Group B Streptococcus Colonization in Subsequent Pregnancies of Group B Streptococcus-Colonized versus Noncolonized Women. Page-Ramsey SM, Johnstone SK, Kim D, Ramsey PS. Am J Perinatol. 2012 Sep 21.

Assessment of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of early-onset group b streptococcal disease. Lin F-Y. The Pediatric infectious disease journal. 2011 Sep 30(9):759-63.

Improving perinatal Group B streptococcus screening with process indicators. Albouy-Llaty M, Nadeau C, Descombes E, Pierre F, Migeot V. J Eval Clin Pract. 2012 Aug;18(4):727-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2753.2011.01658.x. Epub 2011 Mar 18.

Efficacy of maternal and neonatal chemoprophylaxis for early-onset group B Streptococcal disease. Stafford IA, Stewart RD, Sheffield JS, Wendel GD Jr, Sanchez PJ, McIntire DD, Roberts SW. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jul;120(1):123-9.

The impact of group B streptococcus prophylaxis on late-onset neonatal infections. Ecker KL, Donohue PK, Kim KS, Shepard JA, Aucott SW. J Perinatol. 2012 Jun 14. doi: 10.1038/jp.2012.76.

Long-term Outcomes of Group B Streptococcal Meningitis. Libster R, Edwards KM, Levent F, Edwards MS, Rench MA, Castagnini LA, Cooper T, Sparks RC, Baker CJ, Shah PE. Pediatrics. 2012 Jul;130(1):e8-e15. Epub 2012 Jun 11.

Prevention of Neonatal Group B Sreptococcal Infection. Spanish Recommendations. Update 2012. SEIMC/SEGO/SEN/SEQ/SEMFYC Consensus Document. Alós Cortés JI, Andreu Domingo A, Arribas Mir L,Cabero Roura L, de Cueto López M, López Sastre J, Melchor Marcos JC, Puertas Prieto A, de la Rosa Fraile M,Salcedo Abizanda S, Sánchez Luna M, Sanchez Pérez MJ, Torrejon Cardoso R. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin.2012 Jun 1.

GBS Screening. N Walker. June 2012. O&G Vol 14:No 2:Winter 2012.

Management of group B streptococcal bacteriuria in pregnancy. Allen VM, Yudin MH, Bouchard C, Boucher M, Caddy S, Castillo E, Money DM, Murphy KE, Ogilvie G, Paquet C, van Schalkwyk J, Senikas V; Infectious Diseases Committee, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2012 May;34(5):482-6.

Bacteruria with group-B streptococcus: is it a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes? Kessous R, Weintraub AY, Sergienko R, Lazer T, Press F, Wiznitzer A, Sheiner E. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Apr 25.

Recolonization of gropu B Streptococcus (GBS) in women with prior GBS genital colonization in pregnancy.Tam T, Bilinski E, Lombard E. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Apr 2

Early onset neonatal sepsis: the burden of group B Streptococcal and E. coli disease continues. Stoll BJ, Hansen NI, Sánchez PJ, Faix RG, Poindexter BB, Van Meurs KP, Bizzarro MJ, Goldberg RN, Frantz ID 3rd, Hale EC, Shankaran S, Kennedy K, Carlo WA, Watterberg KL, Bell EF, Walsh MC, Schibler K, Laptook AR, Shane AL, Schrag SJ, Das A, Higgins RD; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network. Pediatrics. 2011 May;127(5):817-26. Epub 2011 Apr 25.

International external quality assurance for laboratory identification and typing of Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B streptococci). Afshar B, Broughton K, Creti R, Decheva A, Hufnagel M, Kriz P, Lambertsen L, Lovgren M, Melin P, Orefici G, Poyart C, Radtke A, Rodriguez-Granger J, Sørensen UB, Telford J, Valinsky L, Zachariadou L; Members of the DEVANI Study Group, Efstratiou A. Clin Microbiol. 2011 Apr;49(4):1475-82. Epub 2011 Feb 16.

Prevention of group B streptococcal neonatal disease revisited. The DEVANI European project. Rodriguez-Granger J, Alvargonzalez JC, Berardi A, Berner R, Kunze M, Hufnagel M, Melin P, Decheva A, Orefici G, Poyart C, Telford J, Efstratiou A, Killian M, Krizova P, Baldassarri L, Spellerberg B, Puertas A, Rosa-Fraile M. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Feb 8

The Prevalence of Vaginal Microorganisms in Pregnant Women with Preterm Labor and Preterm Birth. Seong Jin Choi, M.D. Soon Deok Park, M.S. In Ho Jang, M.S. Young Uh, M.D. and Anna Lee, M.D. Ann Lab Med 2012;32:194-200. 2012 Feb/

Screening for group B Streptococcus in pregnancy women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. M Taminato, D Fram, MR Torloni, AG Belasco, H Saconato, DA Barbosa. Dec 2011. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem

Horizontal transmission of group B streptococcus in a neonatal intensive care unit. Morinis J, Shah J, Murthy P, Fulford M. Paediatr Child Health. 2011 Jun;16(6):e48-50.

Prevention of Perinatal Group B Streptococcal Disease. Revised Guidelines from CDC, 2010. Recommendations and Reports. November 19, 2010 / 59(RR10);1-32

Development of a Rapid PCR Assay for Screening of Maternal Colonization by Group B Streptococcus and Neonatal Invasive Escherichia coli during Labor Martínez de Tejada B, Stan CM, Boulvain M, Renzi G, François P, Irion O, Schrenzel J. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2010 Oct 16;70(4):250-255.

Incidence and distribution of pathogens in early-onset neonatal sepsis in the era of antenatal antibiotics. Kuhn P et al Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2010 Sep;24(5):479-87

Group B streptococcus: prevalence in a non-obstetric population. Leclair CM, Hart AE, Goetsch MF, Carpentier H, Jensen JT. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2010 Jul;14(3):162-6.

The accuracy of late third-trimester antenatal screening for group B streptococcus in predicting colonization at delivery. Towers CV, Rumney PJ, Asrat T, Preslicka C, Ghamsary MG, Nageotte MP. Am J Perinatol. 2010 Nov;27(10):785-90. Epub 2010 May 10.

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Late and ultra late onset Streptococcus B meningitis: clinical and bacteriological data over 6 years in France. Guilbert J, Levy C, Cohen R; Bacterial meningitis group, Delacourt C, Renolleau S, Flamant C. Acta Paediatr. 2010 Jan;99(1):47-51.

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Women Receiving Group B Streptococcus Serotype III Tetanus Toxoid (GBS III-TT) Vaccine Have Reduced Vaginal and Rectal Acquisition of GBS Type III. Hillier S, Ferris D, Fine P, Ferrieri P, Edwards M, Carey V, Ewell M, Meyn L, Paoletti L, Kasper D, Baker C. Presented on 30 October 2009 at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

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Duration of intrapartum prophylaxis and concentration of penicillin G in fetal serum at delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Aug;112(2 Pt 1):265-70. Barber EL, Zhao G, Buhimschi IA, Illuzzi JL.

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Prenatal antibiotic treatment does not decrease group B streptococcus colonization at delivery. Baecher L, Grobman W. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008 May;101(2):125-8. Epub 2007 Dec 20.

Risk factors for recurrence of group B streptococcus colonization in a subsequent pregnancy. Cheng PJ, Chueh HY, Liu CM, Hsu JJ, Hsieh TT, Soong YK. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Mar;111(3):704-9.

Prevalence of maternal group B streptococcal colonisation in European countries. Barcaite E, Bartusevicius A, Tameliene R, Kliucinskas M, Maleckiene L, Nadisauskiene R. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87(3):260-71.

Self-collected versus health professional-collected genital swabs to identify the prevalence of group B streptococcus: A comparison of patient preference and efficacy. Arya A, Cryan B, O’Sullivan K, Greene RA, Higgins JR. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2008 Feb 4.

Comparison of combined vaginal-anorectal, vaginal and anorectal cultures in detecting of group B streptococci in pregnant women in labor. Kovavisarach E, Sa-adying W, Kanjanahareutai S. J Med Assoc Thai. 2007 Sep;90(9):1710-4.

Institution of universal screening for Group B streptococcus (GBS) from a risk management protocol results in reduction of early-onset GBS disease in a tertiary obstetric unit. Angstetra D, Ferguson J, Giles WB. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Oct;47(5):378-82.

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Management of group B Streptococcus in pregnant women with penicillin allergy. Philipson EH, Lang DM, Gordon SJ, Burlingame JM, Emery SP, Arroliga ME. J Reprod Med. 2007 Jun;52(6):480-4.

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Selective versus non-selective culture medium for group B streptococcus detection in pregnancies complicated by preterm labor or preterm-premature rupture of membranes. Nomura ML, Passini Júnior R, Oliveira UM. Braz J Infect Dis. 2006 Aug;10(4):247-50.

Epidemiology of neonatal group B streptococcal disease in the Netherlands before and after introduction of guidelines for prevention. Trijbels-Smeulders M, de Jonge GA, Pasker-de Jong PC, Gerards LJ, Adriaanse AH, van Lingen RA, Kollée LA. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2007 Jul;92(4):F271-6. Epub 2007 Jan 16.

Evaluation of polymerase chain reaction for group B streptococcus detection using an improved culture method. Atkins KL, Atkinson RM, Shanks A, Parvin CA, Dunne WM, Gross G. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Sep;108(3 Pt 1):488-91.

Maternal anxiety about prenatal screening for group B streptococcus disease and impact of positive colonization results. Cheng PJ, Shaw SW, Lin PY, Huang SY, Soong YK. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2006 Sep-Oct;128(1-2):29-33. Epub 2006 Mar 2.

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Clinical features and epidemiology of septicaemia and meningitis in neonates due to Streptococcus agalactiae in Copenhagen County, Denmark: a 10 year survey from 1992 to 2001. Andersen J, Christensen R, Hertel J. Acta Paediatr. 2004 Oct;93(10):1334-9.

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Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection. Stade BC, Shah VS, Ohlsson A. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 3. Art. No: CD003520. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003520.pub2.

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High burden of invasive Streptococcus agaaciae disease in South African infants. Madhi SA Radebe K et al Ann Trop Paediatr 2003 Mar;23(1):15-23

Decreasing incidence of perinatal group B streptococcal disease (Barcelona 1994-2002). Relation with hospital prevention policies. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2003

A population-based comparison of strategies to prevent early-onset group B streptococcal disease in neonates. Schrag SJ, Zell ER, Lynfield R,et al;Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):233-9.

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